Landscape in_Progress | Portfolio Categories Heartquake
78
archive,tax-portfolio_category,term-hear,term-78,ajax_fade,page_not_loaded,,select-child-theme-ver-1.0.0,select-theme-ver-3.7,side_area_over_content,wpb-js-composer js-comp-ver-5.0.1,vc_responsive

Amaro Ottavio

Title of the work

Passato Presente

 

Short description of the work

 

Key words

Rovina – Internità – Temporalità

 

Section

Drawing

Korobar Vlatko

Title of the work

In the Beggining There Was… Order: Skopje cityscape with prefab houses in the late 1960’s

 

Short description of the work

A photography of the early years of Skopje reconstruction, when plans from the drawings boards were immediately transformed into spatial reality, showcasing the order that was to be and mirroring the prevailing planning ideas of the time.

 

Key words

Urban planning – Settlements with prefab housing – Post-earthquake development

 

Section

Photo

Positano A. Konstantinova J.

Title of the work

Skopje. A Transitional Model
Text by Jana Konstantinova and Anna Positano – Photographs by Anna Positano

 

Short description of the work

Skopje is a case study to analyse contemporary architecture and identity in the Balkans, in the light of the current Macedonian political affairs and urban transformations. Several cultures and long-lasting migrations shaped Skopje’s urban fabric. Yet the city is mostly the result of political choices of the last fifty years. In 1963 the global political response to Skopje’s earthquake profoundly affected the city. As the Cold War reached its climax, international efforts to rebuild the city had the objective to pursue a global political stability. With the support of the United Nations, the Yugoslavian government adopted Kenzo Tange’s reconstruction plan of brutalist buildings, which made Skopje a modern, utopian metropolis. When Macedonia gained independence in 1991, nationalist politics changed the identity of Skopje’s architecture. The Socialist, international post-quake architecture could not represent Macedonian identity any more. Along with slow political transition, in 2010 the government announced a plan of urban renovation, Skopje 2014. The plan is turning Skopje’s brutalist heritage into neo-neoclassical buildings. The new confused and scattered built environment takes apart the civil society from architecture. This in combination with a young, uncertain political situation affects people’s personal and socio-cultural values. The plan attracted strong criticism since its announcement. Protesters have taken to the streets of Skopje and recently have turned into a Colourful Revolution against the general cultural austerity. Similar to other former Socialist countries, Skopje appears unable to re-examine and evaluate its architectural past. A city that once was the model of global architectural solidarity, now offers a case study of transitional post-Socialist dystopia.

 

Key words

Brutalism – Transformation – Politics

 

Section

Text

Noev Igor

Title of the work

Walking on broken glass
Typological shifts of Skopje and the continuing discontinuity of its urban landscape

 

Short description of the work

The essay introduces a particular historical frame, interpreting the urban development of the city of Skopje as a self-referential paradox. Within its turbulent history, Skopje survived three significant typological shifts represented with the urban designs by the teams of Josif Mihajlovic, Ludjek Kubes and Kenzo Tange. Partially carrying out and later abandoning these projects, led Skopje to reawake each time portraying a new typological narrative.
In this context, the so called “project Skopje2014” is interpreted as the latest narrative which continues the discontinuity of the urban landscape. In addition, it poses a great ethical challenge for the urban thinkers in Skopje at present time.
Model 01 – “Traditional” Skopje 1890
Model 02 – De-facto to De jure 1929
Model 03 – From “Genius loci” to “Zeitgeist” 1948
Model 04 – From “Modern” to “Postmodern”

 

Key words

Skopje – Typological shifts – Historical urban plans

 

Section

Text

Pop Trajkova Maja

Title of the work

Sidetracked recollections

 

Short description of the work

Fictional text that explores the problem of preserving the private, or nearly mundane experiences of structures of cultural significance. Where there is the tendency of bringing elements of the built environment to the level of monuments, how does the quality of the habitual get introduced to it.

 

Key words

idiosyncrasy – temporality – Preserved

 

Section

Text

Sattin Laura

Title of the work

“Skopje 2030” interview with Simon Hartmann

 

Short description of the work

Simon Hartmann was born in 1974 in Bern, Switzerland. From 1994 to 2000 he studied at ETH Lausanne, TU Berlin and ETH Zurich. He collaborated with Rolf Furrer Architekten from 2000 to 2003 and he is teaching assistant at ETH Studio Basel from 2002 to 2007. In 2003 he founded HHF architects with Tilo Herlach and Simon Frommenwiler. HHF architects, based in Basel, has completed and ongoing projects in Switzerland, China, the United States, Germany, Italy and Montenegro. Simon Hartmann is a professor from 2009 to 2017 at HEIA Friborg. In 2011 he is Visiting Professor at the University of Innsbruck and in 2014 at the KIT of Karlsruhe. Since 2018 he has been Visiting Professor at the Yale School of Architecture.

 

Key words

Intervista – Interview – интервју

 

Section

Text

Casari P. Di Carlo P.

Title of the work

Politiche di nazionalizzazione e architettura: la radicale trasformazione urbanistica della città di Skopje

 

Short description of the work

Al fine di comprendere le ragioni delle scelte che hanno portato alla distruzione del patrimonio architettonico brutalista, si propone qui un’analisi che mette in relazione l’architettura e il nazionalismo. Tale trasformazione urbana è dovuta al totale stravolgimento del centro di Skopje fortemente voluta dal governo VMRO-DPMNE. La ricerca mette a confronto più teorie derivanti dalla scienza politica, dalla sociologia e da quest’ultima applicata all’architettura. Il periodo cui si fa riferimento nello studio è quello compreso tra le ricostruzioni del 1963 e dei primi due decenni del XXI secolo.

 

Key words

Nationalism – Architecture – Skopje

 

Section

Text

Petrushevski Ivan

Title of the work

Skopje

 

Short description of the work

A small illustrated collection of my favorite buildings in Skopje.

 

Key words

Skopje – Architecture – Illustration

 

Section

Drawing

Mammoliti Michele

Title of the work

RE-new

 

Short description of the work

Al comando cancella/copia/incolla…ricostruzione sulla costruzione

 

Key words

RE – Costruzione – Reconstruction

 

Section

Drawing

Babic Maja

Title of the work

Re-Building Skopje: The Curations of Past and Present in the ‘Capital of Kitsch’

 

Short description of the work

Architectural investigation into Skopje provides us with the tools to understand both the Yugoslav and post-Yugoslav architectural and political events. The contemporary architecture of Skopje exemplifies of the architectural production in the post-socialist Southeastern Europe and its deeply intertwined relationship with politics. The examination of the re-production of politics and ideology through architectural construction, allows for an insight into events taking place in Skopje today, in the deeply problematic processes of both canceling and negating of the communist past. I study the two reconstructions of Skopje, the post-1963 earthquake period and the contemporary architectural events in the city, and I argue that both projects exhibit the shifting relationships between architecture and politics, as well as its perpetual re-negotiations, and the paramount importance of their contexts in understanding the conjunction of the past and present in the city.

 

Key words

Brutalism – Heritage – Nationalism

 

Section

Text

Debidda Caterina

Title of the work

SKOPJE spaces

 

Short description of the work

Skopje. Una città di frammenti, simbolo della storia macedone che ha subito nel corso degli anni continue e successive metamorfosi. Dopo il terremoto degli anni ’60 il maestro Tange definisce un’idea utopica di una metropoli balcanica urbana caratterizzata da edifici brutalisti di forte spessore. Il mio collage cerca quindi di esprimere in maniera concisa l’idea urbana e architettonica dell’architetto attraverso la rappresentazione di alcuni edifici simbolo assieme allo skyline della città. Tange appare come il deus ex machina che definisce l’assetto del futuro, un’ideale di città moderna con un centro forte, infrastrutture e grandi edifici chiave.

 

Key words

Collage – Tange – Urban

 

Section

Drawing